The Uniformed and Overseas Citizens Absentee Voting Act (UOCAVA) provides the legal basis for absentee voting requirements to U.S. citizens who are active members of the Uniformed Services, the Merchant Marine, the commissioned corps of the Public Health Service and the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, their eligible family members and United States citizens residing outside the country.
The Military and Overseas Voter Empowerment Act (MOVE) amended UOCAVA and other statutes by providing greater protections for Service Members, their eligible family members and other overseas citizens. Among other provisions, the MOVE Act requires Uniformed Services to establish voter assistance offices on military installations and outlines the responsibilities of the offices.
The Federal Voting Assistance Program (FVAP) was created by the Department of Defense to administer the responsibilities of UOCAVA and to integrate recommendations made in the MOVE Act into Department of Defense Instruction 1000.04, Federal Voting Assistance Program.
Air Force Instruction 36-3107, Voting Assistance Program, establishes policy and assigns roles and responsibilities for the development and implementation of Air Force voting functions in accordance with public law and Department of Defense guidance.